10 Kinds Of Printing Technology Introduction

August 11, 2021

Fabric printing generally has the following printing methods:

1. Paint direct printing

Paint direct printing is to print the prepared printing paste directly on the fabric. This is the simplest and most commonly used process in the printing process. The direct paint printing process generally refers to printing on white or light-colored fabrics. It has convenient color matching and simple process. After printing, it can be baked and dried, and it is suitable for textiles with various fibers. The paint direct printing process can be divided into Akramin F-type adhesives according to the currently frequently used adhesives. Three direct printing processes of acrylic adhesive, styrene-butadiene emulsion and chitin adhesive.

2. Silk print

The main methods of silk printing are direct printing, discharge printing, and anti-dye printing. The direct printing method has been introduced before, the discharge printing method, the transfer printing method, the penetration printing method, etc. will be introduced separately in the following relevant sections. Here we mainly introduce the anti-dye printing method.

3. Knitted underwear printing

Knitted underwear printing mainly uses the direct printing process of paint. After the fabric is printed, it can be double-dried or naturally dried, which avoids the problems of easy deformation of knitted fabrics and difficulty in wet processing of agricultural sheets. The printing method is mainly flat screen screen printing, which is divided into manual scratch printing and machine operation. This printing method can adapt to various patterns of composition and organization structure, and is suitable for the production needs of small batches and multi-colors.

4. Discharge printing

Discharge printing is also called engraving, which refers to a printing method that uses a discharge agent to print on colored fabrics to destroy some of the pigments that have been dyed, thereby obtaining various patterns and patterns. Discharge agent is a chemical that can decolor the dyed background. Such as: Diaobaijue, stannous chloride and so on. This method can be divided into two types: the pattern is white (whitening) and the pattern is colored (printing). The latter dyeing method makes the fabric pattern fine, but the process is complicated and the cost is higher.

5. Silkscreen burnout

The burnt-out system uses two fiber blended fabrics with different acid resistance. After acid burnt-out pulp printing and chemical processing, the acid-resistant natural fiber part is rotten away, exposing the acid-resistant chemical fiber part, forming a crystal-clear flower Its special style gives burnt-out products a high-end and gorgeous feeling. Burnt-out products are not only beautiful in appearance, but excellent in internal quality, wear-resistant, high-strength, easy to wash, quick-drying, and non-ironing properties, and are welcomed by domestic and foreign markets. The research and application of burnout technology has prevailed in the textile printing and dyeing industry in recent years.

6. Wool fabric printing

At present, printed wool fabrics are mainly thin plain weave fabrics or tulle fabrics, which are mostly used to make women's shirts, dresses, quilts and skirts. In addition to direct printing, wool fabric printing also includes unloading, anti-printing, and transfer printing. Wool blended fabric printing also occupies a certain proportion. At present, the relief finishing of wool fabrics is also quite popular, mainly for woolen sweaters.

7. Velveteen printing

Diamond printing uses the characteristics of silk screen printing to print on velveteen, which can obtain a special flashing effect, which can emit light like natural diamonds under sunlight.

8. Foam printing

There are many types of special fabric printing, and foam printing is one of them. The characteristics of foam printing are: strong three-dimensional effect, similar to artificial embroidery, soft hand feeling, abrasion resistance, washing resistance, good fastness and elasticity, and can be widely used in tablecloths, curtains, tea towels, handkerchiefs, pillow towels, clothing, tourism Souvenirs and so on. It can not only be applied to natural fiber fabrics such as cotton, linen, silk, etc., but also to man-made fiber fabrics.

9. Flocking printing

Electrostatic flocking is a new technology emerging in the textile industry. It is a product that uses high-voltage electrostatic field to plant short fibers on grey cloth. Flocking products are simple in process, strong in three-dimensionality, and low in cost. Therefore, they are widely used in rubber, plastic, artificial leather, and decorative products. Especially for small-batch tourism products, it shows its incomparable superiority. The flocking pattern decoration on shoes, hats, children's clothing, trademarks, and clothing will make it unique.

10. Transfer printing

Transfer printing is a printing process that relies on the sublimation of the dye and the diffusion and affinity of the dye vapor to the fiber to complete the coloring effect. Transfer printing is a more practical printing and dyeing production method in waterless processing. In addition to not using water, another main feature is that the paper is small in deformation, so it can print fine and multi-layered patterns and photographic pictures. Really transfer the pattern picture to the cloth. Its effect is sometimes better than general anti-dyeing and discharge printing.

In addition to the above ten common printing methods, there are also some special printing methods;

Such as: electrochemical aluminum transfer printing, photoluminescence printing, fluorescent printing, gold and silver powder printing, paint foam printing, color printing, fragrance printing, diamond printing and pearl printing, etc., printing methods.

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