What Is The Difference Between The Four Processes Of Printing, Embroidery, Jacquard And Burnt-out?

November 30, 2020

Printing is the preparation of various dyes and pigments into printing pastes, which are partially applied to the fabric to obtain patterns of various colors.

Printing can be divided into reactive printing and pigment printing:

1. Reactive printing: printing formed by using reactive dyes to penetrate into the fabric;

2. Pigment printing: the printing formed by covering the fabric with paint.

Reactive printing fabrics have bright colors, good color fastness, soft hand feeling, long-washing and non-fading; paint printing and dyeing is to dye and print the fabric after weaving, generally easy to fade. There are many options for printing patterns. Printing is mainly used for cellulose fiber fabrics, silk fabrics, chemical fibers and blended fabrics.

Embroidered fabric is a kind of fabric material, mostly pure cotton, lace, etc. Traditional fabrics are produced without any color and need to be dyed. Embroidery fabrics are embroidered with machine embroidery patterns after dyeing. There are many kinds of embroidery, which can embroider various beautiful patterns, and is not easy to fade, and has good breathability and moisture absorption.

Embroidery can be divided into color embroidery and appliqué embroidery:

1. Color embroidery: generally refers to the embroidery technique of patterns and patterns with various colored embroidery threads. Its bright colors are widely used in clothing and bedding. Color embroidery is rich in color changes, and different color effects are produced through the overlap, juxtaposition, and interlacing of multiple colored embroidery threads. The trocar stitch method is the most distinctive. The color depths blend together and have the rendering effect of Chinese painting.

2. Applique embroidery: It is also called patch embroidery. The patch embroidery in Suzhou embroidery also belongs to this category. Cut the appliqué according to the requirements of the pattern and stick it on the embroidered surface. You can also put cotton and other things between the applique and the embroidered surface to make the pattern uplift and have a three-dimensional effect. After pasting, use various stitches to lock the edges, the embroidery method is simple and the style is unique.

Jacquard fabric is directly woven with patterns in the cloth, using warp yarns and weft yarns of different colors to interlace, interweave up and down, so as to form patterns of different colors. Jacquard fabric can be divided into woven, warp-knitted jacquard and weft-knitted jacquard.

Weft-knitted fabric has good elasticity horizontally and longitudinally, while warp-knitted and woven jacquard have no elasticity. The jacquard fabric has fine and smooth texture, good gloss, good hand feeling, good drape and air permeability, high color fastness (yarn dyeing), no deformation, no fading, and good comfort. Compared with printed and embroidered fabrics , The jacquard process is more complicated and the cost is higher.

Burnt-out fabric, also known as embossed fabric, is a new type of fabric. Burnt-out fabric is made of two kinds of fibers with different acid resistance. After blending or spun into core yarn, it is used as warp and weft yarns to woven into burnt-out fabric grey fabric, and then through the printing and dyeing process, burnt-out processing is carried out in acid solution to make it not acid-resistant. That part of the fiber is dissolved and rotten, which becomes a burnt-out fabric.

The main features are transparent, concave-convex patterns, novel patterns and clear outline appearance characteristics, similar to arts and crafts, and are well received by users and consumers at home and abroad. It is a variety of my country's textile export products that is welcomed by the international market. one. At present, burnt-out fabrics are mainly used as decorative fabrics, such as tablecloths, curtains, seat covers, bedspreads, pillowcases, summer clothes, handkerchiefs, etc. for room decoration.


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