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What Are The Types Of Printed Fabrics?

November 21, 2020

1. Transfer printing


First use the printing method to print the pigment on the paper to make transfer printing paper, and then transfer the color to the fabric through high temperature (heating and pressing on the back of the paper). It is generally used for chemical fiber fabrics. It is characterized by bright colors and fine layers. The pattern is realistic and artistic, but the process is currently only suitable for a few synthetic fibers such as polyester.


The transfer printing process is simple, the investment is small, and the production is flexible. It is currently popular in the market... But to be honest, compared with other types of printing, the price is a bit higher, but it is of a certain grade.


2. Discharge printing


(English: wash out colors) (discharge) discharge print (discharge printing) Use dyes that are not resistant to discharge agents to dye the ground color. After drying, use a color dye printing paste that contains discharge agents or at the same time. During printing and post-processing, the ground color dye in the printing area is destroyed and decolorized, forming a white pattern on the color ground or a colorful pattern formed by dyeing with the color dye. Also known as white or seba. Can it make the effect as if the clothes have been washed in water? The color of the clothes seems to have been washed off a lot, mottled~~ Actually this is discharging. The principle of discharging is to pull out the color of the fabric tissue and make it a lighter color. , Strong like a washing effect, it is a cool print for men's clothing!


3. Reduction printing


This process takes advantage of the difference in chemical resistance properties of different fibers in the interwoven or blended fabric, and applies a burnout agent through a printing method to partially remove one of the fibers in the fabric, leaving the other fibers to form a translucent pattern. Also called burnout printing or burnout printing.


4. Shrink printing


The printing method is used to locally apply chemicals that can swell or shrink the fibers on the fabric, and through appropriate treatment, the fibers in the printed part and the non-printed part will have a difference in expansion or contraction, so as to obtain a product with regular uneven surface patterns. Such as cotton printed seersucker with caustic soda as bulking agent. Also called bump printing.


5. Flat screen printing


The printing mold is a polyester or nylon mesh (pattern) fixed on a square frame and has a hollow pattern. The pattern on the pattern can penetrate the color paste, and the non-patterned place is closed with a polymer film. When printing, the pattern is pressed tightly on the fabric, the color paste is filled on the pattern, and the squeegee is used to reciprocate the pressure to make the color paste reach the surface of the fabric through the pattern. Flat screen printing has low production efficiency, but has wide adaptability and flexible application, which is suitable for small batch and multi-variety production.


6. Rotary screen printing


The printing mold is a cylindrical nickel-skin screen with a hollow pattern, which is installed in a certain order above the circulating rubber guide belt and can rotate synchronously with the guide belt. When printing, the color paste is input into the net and stored at the bottom of the net. When the rotary net rotates with the guide belt, the scraper pressed against the bottom of the net and the flower net are relatively scraped, and the color paste reaches the surface of the fabric through the patterns on the net.


Rotary screen printing is a continuous process with high production efficiency. It has the advantages of roller and flat screen printing, but it has certain limitations in the fineness of the pattern and the richness of the printing color. Remember: rotary screen printing has certain limitations in color selection.


7. Pigment printing


(English: pigment print) is also called pigment printing. Because the pigment is a water-insoluble coloring substance and has no affinity for fibers, its coloring must be achieved by coating with a film-forming polymer compound (adhesive) and adhesion to the fiber . Pigment printing can be used in the processing of any fiber textiles, and it is more advantageous in the printing of blended and interwoven fabrics. It has simple process, wide color spectrum, clear flower contour, but it has poor hand feeling and low rubbing fastness.


8. Water slurry printing


The so-called water slurry is a kind of water-based slurry, which is not strong when printed on clothes, and the covering power is not strong. It is only suitable for printing on light-colored fabrics. The price is relatively low. It is a lower-end printing type.


But it also has an advantage, because it will not affect the original texture of the fabric, so it is more suitable for large-area printing patterns. Features soft hand feeling and bright color. But water slurry has a major drawback. The color of the water slurry is lighter than that of the cloth. If the cloth color is darker, the water slurry will not cover it at all.


9. Glue printing


The emergence of glue and its wide application in water slurry, because of its very good coverage, it can also print any light color on dark clothes, and it has a certain gloss and three-dimensional effect, making the garment look more high-end So it is quickly popularized, and it is used on almost every printed T. But because it has a certain hardness, it is not suitable for large-area solid patterns. It is best to print large-area patterns with water paste, and then embellish some glue, which can solve the problem of large-area glue hard and highlight the pattern. Another way is to steal a large area of solid patterns to make a bad effect, but it is always a bit hard to wear, so it is better to combine water and glue to solve the problem of large-area printing. . There are glossy and matte surfaces, soft, thin, environmentally friendly and can be stretched. Generally speaking, glue printing is more commonly used. For leisure brands such as "Yichun", glue is basically used. Forget to remind you that both glue printing and water printing can be washed. Comparing the prices of these two, glue is still more affordable than water slurry.


10. Ink printing


At first glance, the ink is not very different from glue, but when glue is printed on smooth fabrics such as windbreakers, the color fastness is generally poor, and it can be scraped off with nails, but the ink can overcome this shortcoming. Therefore, when making windbreakers, they are usually printed with ink, which has bright colors and vivid images. There has been a wave of human head prints in the market some time ago~~ I don’t know if you are paying attention, so the clear and super realistic printing is generally only ink printing to print that effect~ Sometimes you can also sprinkle gold powder and silver powder on the ink Kind, it feels better for decoration~


The price of ink printing is not very clear, but the price of printing is generally based on the number of colors used. There are more colors for ink printing, and the price should be relatively cheap.


11. Thick board slurry


Thick board paste is based on glue. It is like glue printed on multiple layers repeatedly. It can achieve a very neat three-dimensional effect. Generally speaking, the process requirements are relatively high, so the general printing factory is printing It's not good, some don't even have this technology, let alone printed, but it is currently the most popular printing technique in the world! Generally suitable for sports and leisure models, the patterns generally use numbers, letters, geometric patterns, lines, etc., and the lines should not be too small. Some people have a unique style to print floral patterns, which can be seen on leather materials or thicker fabrics in autumn and winter clothing.


12. Stone pulp


If the glue is neat, then the stone grout is random. Have you ever noticed the footprints you left when you just walked on the muddy road? It's almost the same effect. It is like a block or strip of stone or mud shape~~ It is a relatively new type of printing, which is mostly seen in casual men's clothing.


13. Soak the slurry


Foaming pulp, as the name suggests, is the foamed pulp, which is also changed from the glue. The prepared pulp is printed on the cloth first, and then processed by a high-temperature machine, the pattern is bubbled, with a good three-dimensional effect and a bit soft Cotton, but the three-dimensional effect will gradually disappear and flatten after the clothes are worn and washed many times.


14. Nylon pulp


Nylon pulp, it is said that nylon pulp has better tension. It may be named because it has less elasticity than nylon, and it feels thin and cool.


15. Epoxy


Epoxy is a variety that can be more three-dimensional than thick plates. It is generally used to make Epoxy badges and is mostly used on men's clothing. When it is used on women's clothing, it will be used to create a flower shape. This year, it can also be used to create a three-dimensional Mickey image~


The disadvantage of Epoxy is that it is easy to break off with a little force.


16. Gel


Gel is a kind of transparent and flexible printing variety like gel. The price is relatively more expensive. You can understand that the similar webbing may be 0.3-0.5 yuan per meter, but add a 0.2-0.3CM gel. For the center of the webbing, its price may go to 0.8-1.5 yuan.


17. Planting beads


Bead planting is a relatively demanding process, and now only a few factories can do it well, and almost no such process is available in ordinary factories.


Planting beads is also called toothbrush flower. The finished product is just like the toothbrush whiskers standing up. It is said that a flower needs to be printed twenty or thirty times before it can be printed well. The height of the finished product can reach about 0.3CM. Its top It is in the shape of a round bead, and other colors can be made on it. It seems to be on top of beads, so it is also called planting beads.


18. Pressing and pressing


Embossing is to first make a pattern mold, and then heat it on the velvet or special glue to make it punch out the shape of the pattern.


Both embossing and embossing are easier to fall off the clothes and are not so popular now.


19. Hand painted


The hand-painted effect is similar to printing, but it is more flexible and free, which can be regarded as the same as painting on clothes.


SHAOXING JIEDE TEXTILE CO.,LTD

Tel: +86-575-85650389

Mob: +86-18158661662

Fax: +86-575-85650379

Email: candy@jiedetextiles.com

Add: Room 6068, Building 9b, China Textile City Creative Park, No.199 Chuangyi Road, Keqiao, Shaoxing, Zhejiang, China


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