What Types of Yarn Are Used in Knit Fabric Production?


What Types of Yarn Are Used in Knit Fabric Production?


Knit fabrics are widely used in the textile industry to produce a wide range of garments and home textiles. The quality and characteristics of the final knit fabric depend greatly on the type of yarn used during the production process. Yarn acts as the primary building block, determining the strength, texture, and appearance of the fabric. In this article, we will explore the various types of yarn commonly used in knit fabric production and their specific attributes.

1. Natural Fibers

Natural fibers are derived from plants, animals, and minerals, making them extremely versatile in knit fabric production. They are known for their breathability, comfort, and ability to regulate body temperature. Here are some popular natural yarn options:

Cotton: Cotton is a staple yarn in knit fabric production. It is known for its softness, durability, and absorbency. Cotton yarns can be easily dyed and blended with other fibers to enhance various properties of the fabric.

Wool: Wool yarn, derived from sheep's fleece, is an excellent insulator. It provides warmth and has natural moisture-wicking properties, making it suitable for colder climates. Wool is commonly used in the production of sweaters, scarves, and blankets.

Silk: Silk yarn is produced from the cocoons of silkworms and is known for its luxurious feel and lustrous appearance. It is a strong and lightweight fiber with excellent draping qualities, making it ideal for high-end knit fabrics, such as evening wear and lingerie.

2. Synthetic Fibers

Synthetic fibers are man-made and offer a wide range of benefits in knit fabric production, including strength, versatility, and affordability. The most common synthetic yarns used are:

Polyester: Polyester yarn is widely used due to its wrinkle resistance, durability, and ability to retain shape. It is also quick-drying, making it popular for sportswear and activewear. Polyester blends well with natural fibers, adding strength and longevity to the fabric.

Nylon: Nylon yarn is known for its exceptional strength and elasticity. It is commonly used to reinforce certain areas of knit fabrics, enhancing their durability. Nylon is often blended with other fibers to provide stretch and support in garments like swimwear and athletic wear.

Acrylic: Acrylic yarn is a budget-friendly alternative to natural fibers. It is lightweight, easy to care for, and resistant to wrinkles and shrinkage. Acrylic knit fabrics mimic the look and feel of wool but without the high price tag. They are commonly used for sweaters, hats, and blankets.

3. Blended Yarns

Blended yarns combine two or more types of fibers to create fabrics with enhanced properties. The blending process allows manufacturers to create fabrics that combine the best characteristics of each fiber used. Common blended yarns include:

Cotton/Polyester: Cotton/polyester blends offer the softness and breathability of cotton with the strength and wrinkle resistance of polyester. This blend is widely used in t-shirts, casual wear, and bed linens due to its comfortable and durable nature.

Wool/Acrylic: Blending wool with acrylic creates a fabric that retains the warmth and insulating properties of wool while reducing the cost and increasing color options. This blend is commonly used in knitwear, providing affordability and versatility.

Silk/Cotton: The blend of silk and cotton combines the luxurious feel and appearance of silk with the breathable and soft qualities of cotton. Fabrics made from this blend are highly comfortable, making them suitable for both daywear and nightwear.

4. Novelty Yarns

Novelty yarns are unique and eye-catching, adding texture and interest to the final knit fabric. These yarns come in various forms, including bouclé, slub, metallic, and chenille. They are often used as accents or for creating statement pieces. Novelty yarns can be made from either natural or synthetic fibers, or a blend of both.

5. Organic and Sustainable Yarns

With increasing environmental concerns, organic and sustainable yarns have gained popularity in the textile industry. These yarns are made from organically grown fibers that are free from harmful pesticides and chemicals. Organic cotton and bamboo yarns are some of the sustainable options available. They are used in knit fabric production to create eco-friendly and socially responsible garments.


Yarn selection plays a crucial role in knit fabric production, determining the characteristics and performance of the final product. Whether you choose natural fibers, synthetic fibers, blends, novelty yarns, or opt for more sustainable options, understanding the unique properties of each type of yarn is essential. By selecting the appropriate yarn for your desired outcome, you can create knit fabrics that are not only visually appealing but also comfortable and durable. So, next time you wear a knitted garment or cozy up in a knit blanket, take a moment to appreciate the yarn that went into its creation.


Author: Jiede–Fashion Fabrics

Author: Jiede–Apparel Fabrics

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